Misperceptions based on Race-Threat Level

Sticks and Stones, the Words That Hurt: Entrenched Stereotypes Eight Years After 9/11 – by Sahar F. Aziz, New York City Law Review (Winter 2009)

Study: People See Black Men as Larger, More Threatening Than Same-Sized White Men – American Psychological Association

The Black Image in the White Mind: Media and Race in America – Robert M. Entman, Andrew Rojecki, University of Chicago Press (2001)

Black Boys Viewed as Older, Less Innocent Than Whites, Research Finds – Phillip Atiba Goff, PhD, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology